早教应抓住孩子发育的关键期

巴黎人御匾会

Young parents are paying more and more attention to prenatal and postnatal care, and the early childhood education market is also exceptionally prosperous. Early childhood is not only a golden age for children's growth and development, but also an important period for the development of intelligence and potential. At this stage, parents should grasp the critical period of child development and develop their baby's potential to a greater extent.

What is the critical period of development?

The critical period of development means that at some stage of the baby's development, various abilities and knowledge will have qualitative changes and jump development with the help of the environment. After this period of time, it is not easy to obtain or even if the effect is poor.

41d7106fdb6d4a96bd40b233fcc68bcd

“Foreign scientists have long discovered that there is a critical period for the development of various animals. Austrian biologist and Nobel laureate Lawrence found that if a person swings his arms like a duck in front of a duckling that has just hatched Walk and walk, the duckling will follow this person. This phenomenon is called "imprinting phenomenon."

He also found that the "imprinting phenomenon" only occurred within a certain period of time, such as the "mother imprint" of the chicken occurred 10 to 16 hours after birth. The period in which "imprinting" takes place is a critical period, and the resulting imprinting behavior is preserved as a habit and is irreversible.

Scientific research has confirmed that the "imprinting phenomenon" also exists in human children. A newborn child does not only sleep and sleep, but perceives the world through sight, hearing, taste, and touch. The more stimulating the stimulus, the stronger the brain's potential, and what the outside world can accept, and how much it can absorb.

3aba6a2830c84f21ae69b194c0a41cba

Although children do not learn at all because they miss a certain period of time, some knowledge or skills learn better in a certain period of time.

xxDevelopmental psychologists have introduced the key concept of animal development into the field of children's learning, and believe that children's brain development also has a critical period. During this period, individuals are particularly sensitive to certain stimuli, and after this period, the same stimuli have little or no effect.

Summarizing the existing research, 2 years old is the key period of children's language development, 4 years old is the key period of shape perception formation, 4~5 years old is the key period of written language learning, before the juvenile period is the second language learning and music auditory training Critical period.

There are 3 key periods for infant development

Infants and young children, although relatively weak, have considerable ability. They are by no means passive. On the contrary, they are largely concerned with parents. The interaction pattern between parents and children affects the development of children's life. There are 3 developmental critical periods in infancy, parents may wish to ask themselves 3 questions to see if there is a good interaction model with the baby.

The first critical period (0~1 months):

Are mothers and babies adapted to a new life?

The newly born baby has to adapt to this new world, and the new mother has to adapt to a new life of a close relative. Only when both are adapted to a new life can we provide a solid foundation for the healthy growth of the baby, and the road can be wider and wider. During this period, the most important thing is to meet the baby's various needs in time. The mother should regard the child's requirements as reasonable and help him establish a sense of security.

c9a8983b25d84233ac45db7b74953a5f

With the baby's life is completely different from the past, parents, especially mothers, should work hard to adapt, arrange the living according to the child's rhythm, and take a rest when the baby sleeps; properly do postpartum sports, read books, listen to music, chat with people. Helps release psychological stress. When the baby is awake, the parents should communicate with them, gently touch the baby's body, show him bright toys, pictures, listen to soft music, help him develop audio-visual ability and simple visual capture and tracking ability.

The second critical period (1~3 months):

xx宝宝和父母是否建立了有效的沟通?

在父母和孩子之间磨合三个月之后,他们基本上彼此熟悉。新妈妈照顾宝宝也很舒服。宝宝更加活跃,用不同的哭泣,动作和微笑表达他的需求和感受。这一时期的核心任务是与宝宝建立有效的沟通,即准确理解宝宝的想法,让他体验到父母的关怀。

家长们可能希望经常与宝宝交谈,并抽出时间来取笑他。爸爸妈妈也可以和宝宝一起走动,看看周围的人和事,训练他们的头部动作和控制,伸出手,专注于凝视和视觉追踪。

第三个关键时期(3~6个月):

父母和婴儿是否建立了游戏习惯?

宝贝喜欢陪伴,并试图与父母一起玩游戏。家长应准备一些适合宝宝小手抓握的玩具,挂在婴儿床上或预留,引导他积极伸手,准确把握,并进行手眼协调。

专注于开发5项功能

87b5bcccb45c4307afb893b52f79d5c0

婴幼儿的发展具有普通法并遵循一定的顺序。儿童大脑发育的特点是:快速,缓慢,使用,退缩,可塑性和补偿性。疾病,机会和环境的不足以及婴儿自身的原因可能导致临时能力的暂时发展。爸爸妈妈应该好好照顾他们,不要因为错误而误解宝宝的未来。婴儿和幼儿需要关注五种类型的能力。

1,运动。从2个月到1岁,这是宝宝运动能力发展的关键时期。父母应该让孩子学会提早走路,并进行手眼协调的小动作教育。

2.操作。父母可以和孩子一起玩游戏,拿东西和抓物品。年龄较大的孩子可以取出水或沙子来提高他们练习小动作的能力。

3.认知。经常带孩子出去迎接大自然;父母不经常为孩子做工,让他们穿衣服,洗脸,刷牙;鼓励孩子们在幼儿园讲述有趣的故事,锻炼表达和记忆。

4.语言。语言的敏感期在大约6个月内出现。 1~2岁是“爆炸期”。直到6岁,父母应该经常与孩子交谈,经常讲故事,提问,鼓励孩子多说话,促进理解和表达。能力。

5.社交互动。教孩子们打招呼,打招呼,并用礼貌的语言来提高他们的人际交往能力。父母也可以假装自己有困难,让孩子帮助,培养参与家庭生活的感觉,并培养合作。