Young parents are paying more and more attention to prenatal and postnatal care, and the early childhood education market is also exceptionally prosperous. Early childhood is not only a golden age for children's growth and development, but also an important period for the development of intelligence and potential. At this stage, parents should grasp the critical period of child development and develop their baby's potential to a greater extent.
What is the critical period of development?
The critical period of development means that at some stage of the baby's development, various abilities and knowledge will have qualitative changes and jump development with the help of the environment. After this period of time, it is not easy to obtain or even if the effect is poor.
“Foreign scientists have long discovered that there is a critical period for the development of various animals. Austrian biologist and Nobel laureate Lawrence found that if a person swings his arms like a duck in front of a duckling that has just hatched Walk and walk, the duckling will follow this person. This phenomenon is called "imprinting phenomenon."
He also found that the "imprinting phenomenon" only occurred within a certain period of time, such as the "mother imprint" of the chicken occurred 10 to 16 hours after birth. The period in which "imprinting" takes place is a critical period, and the resulting imprinting behavior is preserved as a habit and is irreversible.
Scientific research has confirmed that the "imprinting phenomenon" also exists in human children. A newborn child does not only sleep and sleep, but perceives the world through sight, hearing, taste, and touch. The more stimulating the stimulus, the stronger the brain's potential, and what the outside world can accept, and how much it can absorb.
Although children do not learn at all because they miss a certain period of time, some knowledge or skills learn better in a certain period of time.
xxDevelopmental psychologists have introduced the key concept of animal development into the field of children's learning, and believe that children's brain development also has a critical period. During this period, individuals are particularly sensitive to certain stimuli, and after this period, the same stimuli have little or no effect.
Summarizing the existing research, 2 years old is the key period of children's language development, 4 years old is the key period of shape perception formation, 4~5 years old is the key period of written language learning, before the juvenile period is the second language learning and music auditory training Critical period.
There are 3 key periods for infant development
Infants and young children, although relatively weak, have considerable ability. They are by no means passive. On the contrary, they are largely concerned with parents. The interaction pattern between parents and children affects the development of children's life. There are 3 developmental critical periods in infancy, parents may wish to ask themselves 3 questions to see if there is a good interaction model with the baby.
The first critical period (0~1 months):
Are mothers and babies adapted to a new life?
The newly born baby has to adapt to this new world, and the new mother has to adapt to a new life of a close relative. Only when both are adapted to a new life can we provide a solid foundation for the healthy growth of the baby, and the road can be wider and wider. During this period, the most important thing is to meet the baby's various needs in time. The mother should regard the child's requirements as reasonable and help him establish a sense of security.
With the baby's life is completely different from the past, parents, especially mothers, should work hard to adapt, arrange the living according to the child's rhythm, and take a rest when the baby sleeps; properly do postpartum sports, read books, listen to music, chat with people. Helps release psychological stress. When the baby is awake, the parents should communicate with them, gently touch the baby's body, show him bright toys, pictures, listen to soft music, help him develop audio-visual ability and simple visual capture and tracking ability.
The second critical period (1~3 months):